NAME
Math::Matrix - Multiply and invert Matrices
SYNOPSIS
use Math::Matrix;
DESCRIPTION
The following methods are available:
new
Constructor arguments are a list of references to arrays of the
same length. The arrays are copied. The method returns undef in
case of error.
$a = new Math::Matrix ([rand,rand,rand],
[rand,rand,rand],
[rand,rand,rand]);
If you call `new' as method, a zero filled matrix with identical
deminsions is returned.
clone
You can clone a matrix by calling:
$b = $a->clone;
size
You can determine the dimensions of a matrix by calling:
($m, $n) = $a->size;
concat
Concatenates two matrices of same row count. The result is a new
matrix or undef in case of error.
$b = new Math::Matrix ([rand],[rand],[rand]);
$c = $a->concat($b);
transpose
Returns the transposed matrix. This is the matrix where colums
and rows of the argument matrix are swaped.
multiply
Multiplies two matrices where the length of the rows in the
first matrix is the same as the length of the columns in the
second matrix. Returns the product or undef in case of error.
solve
Solves a equation system given by the matrix. The number of
colums must be greater than the number of rows. If variables are
dependent from each other, the second and all further of the
dependent coefficients are 0. This means the method can handle
such systems. The method returns a matrix containing the
solutions in its columns or undef in case of error.
multiply_scalar
Multiplies a matrix and a scalar resulting in a matrix of the
same dimensions with each element scaled with the scalar.
$a->multiply_scalar(2); scale matrix by factor 2
add
Add two matrices of the same dimensions.
substract
Shorthand for `add($other->negative)'
equal
Decide if two matrices are equal. Beware of rounding errors!
slice
Extract columns:
a->slice(1,3,5);
determinant
Compute the determinant of a matrix.
dot_product
Compute the dot product of two vectors.
absolute
Compute the absolute value of a vector.
normalizing
Normalize a vector.
cross_product
Compute the cross-product of vectors.
print
Prints the matrix on STDOUT. If the method has additional
parameters, these are printed before the matrix is printed.
EXAMPLE
use Math::Matrix;
srand(time);
$a = new Math::Matrix ([rand,rand,rand],
[rand,rand,rand],
[rand,rand,rand]);
$x = new Math::Matrix ([rand,rand,rand]);
$a->print("A\n");
$E = $a->concat($x->transpose);
$E->print("Equation system\n");
$s = $E->solve;
$s->print("Solutions s\n");
$a->multiply($s)->print("A*s\n");
AUTHOR
Ulrich Pfeifer
Brian J. Watson
Matthew Brett