=for stopwords dategrep DATESPEC datespec syslog apache blocksize zcat bzcat rsyslog timestamped logrotate ARGV Domgoergen merchantability configfile !syslog
dategrep - print lines matching ranges of dates
dategrep --start "12:00" --end "12:15" --format "%b %d %H:%M:%S" syslog
dategrep --end "12:15" --format "%b %d %H:%M:%S" syslog
dategrep --last-minutes 5 --format "%b %d %H:%M:%S" syslog
dategrep --last-minutes 5 --format rsyslog syslog
cat syslog | dategrep --end "12:15"
dategrep searches the named input files for lines matching a date range
and prints them to stdout.
If dategrep works on a seekable file, it can do a binary search to find
the first and last line to print pretty efficiently. dategrep can also
read from stdin and compressed files, but it has to parse every single
line until the end of the range for those.
=item --start|--from DATESPEC
Print all lines from DATESPEC inclusively. Defaults to Jan 1, 1970 00:00:00 GMT.
for a list of possible formats for DATESPEC.
=item --end|--to DATESPEC
Print all lines until DATESPEC exclusively. Default to the current time. See
for a list of possible formats for DATESPEC.
=item --last-minutes MINUTES
Print all lines from MINUTES minutes ago until the beginning of the current
minute. So if we have 19:25:43 and MINUTES is five, dategrep will print all
lines from 19:20:00 to 19:24:59.
=item --format FORMAT
Defines a strftime-based FORMAT that is used to parse the input
lines for a date. The first date found on a line is used. The
list of possible escape sequences can be found under L.
This is a required parameter. Alternatively you can supply the format
via the environment variable I.
Additionally, dategrep supports named formats:
=item * rsyslog "%b %d %H:%M:%S"
=item * apache "%d/%b/%Y:%T %z"
Print all lines between the start and end line even if they are not timestamped.
=item --blocksize SIZE
SIZE of the intervals used in the binary search. Defaults to the native
blocksize of the file's filesystem or 8129.
Print lines sorted by timestamp even if the timestamps in the input files
Sort files in the order of the first line with a timestamp. For example:
If you have a common logrotate configuration, you probably have files
like syslog, syslog.1, syslog.2 etc. For dategrep to work we need those
files in reverse order: syslog.2, syslog.1, syslog. This options handles
that for you.
=item --configfile FILE
Reads configuration from FILE instead of I<~/.dategreprc>.
Shows a short help message
Shows the complete man page in your pager.
=head1 CONFIGURATION FILE
On startup dategrep reads a configuration file from I<$HOME/.dategreprc> or the
file specified by I<--configfile>.
The file consists of sections and variables. A section begins with the name of
the section in square brackets and continues until the next section begins.
Section names are not case sensitive. Empty lines and lines with comments are
skipped. Comments are started with a hash character. dategrep recognizes
only one sections: Under I you can list additional named formats.
time = %H:%M:%S
Default for the I<--format> parameter. The syntax is described there.
=head1 COMPRESSED FILES
dategrep has only minimal support for compressed files. If any file in
ARGV has an extension like I<.z>,I<.gz>,I<.bz2>,I<.bz>, dategrep will
call I or I respectively and read from it like from stdin.
It is possible to install this script via perl normal install routines.
Or you can build a standalone script, copy it somewhere in your path and
install its only dependency Date::Manip. In Debian you just need the following:
cp dategrep-standalone ~/bin/dategrep
apt-get install libdate-manip-perl
dategrep expects the files to be sorted. If the timestamps are not
ascending, dategrep might be exiting before the last line in its date
range is printed.
Compressed files are just piped into dategrep via bzcat or zcat.
=head1 SEE ALSO
=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright 2014 Mario Domgoergen C<< >>
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see .