NAME
Math::Random::MT - The Mersenne Twister PRNG
SYNOPSIS
## Object-oriented interface:
use Math::Random::MT;
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new() # or...
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new($seed); # or...
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new(@seeds);
$seed = $gen->get_seed(); # seed used to generate the random numbers
$rand = $gen->rand(42); # random number in the interval [0, 42)
$dice = int($gen->rand(6)+1); # random integer between 1 and 6
$coin = $gen->rand() < 0.5 ? # flip a coin
"heads" : "tails"
$int = $gen->irand(); # random integer in [0, 2^32-1]
## Function-oriented interface:
use Math::Random::MT qw(srand rand irand);
# now use srand() and rand() as you usually do in Perl
DESCRIPTION
The Mersenne Twister is a pseudorandom number generator developed by
Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura. It is described in their paper at
. This
algorithm has a very uniform distribution and is good for modelling
purposes but do not use it for cryptography.
This module implements two interfaces:
Object-oriented interface
new()
Creates a new generator that is automatically seeded based on
gettimeofday.
new($seed)
Creates a new generator seeded with an unsigned 32-bit integer.
new(@seeds)
Creates a new generator seeded with an array of (up to 624) unsigned
32-bit integers.
set_seed()
Seeds the generator. It takes the same arguments as *new()*.
get_seed()
Retrieves the value of the seed used.
rand($num)
Behaves exactly like Perl's builtin rand(), returning a number
uniformly distributed in [0, $num) ($num defaults to 1).
irand()
Returns a 32-bit integer, i.e. an integer uniformly distributed in
[0, 2^32-1].
Function-oriented interface
srand($seed)
Behaves just like Perl's builtin srand(). As in Perl >= 5.14, the
seed is returned. If you use this interface, it is strongly
recommended that you call *srand()* explicitly, rather than relying
on *rand()* to call it the first time it is used.
rand($num)
Behaves exactly like Perl's builtin rand(), returning a number
uniformly distributed in [0, $num) ($num defaults to 1).
irand()
Returns a 32-bit integer, i.e. an integer uniformly distributed in
[0, 2^32-1].
SEE ALSO
Data::Entropy
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Sean M. Burke
For giving me the idea to write this module.
Philip Newton
For several useful patches.
Florent Angly
For implementing seed generation and retrieval.
AUTHOR
Abhijit Menon-Sen
Copyright 2001 Abhijit Menon-Sen. All rights reserved.
Based on the C implementation of MT19937 Copyright (C) 1997 - 2002,
Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura
This software is distributed under a (three-clause) BSD-style license.
See the LICENSE file in the distribution for details.